William L. Sherman, 1-13
This article explores the forgotten early teacher strikes in rural Iowa to reveal the conditions that led to the strikes, the teachers’ demands, and the results. This article argues that these strikes resulted in more equitable salaries and, in one case, improved working conditions.
Mayhem and Manslaughter in an Idyllic Setting: "John Barleycorn" at Howell School (PDF)
Douglas Sturgeon, 14-22
Violence is the subject of much public debate, especially when a school is the scene of a murderous rampage. This article demonstrates that rural institutions like Howell School, Mason County, West Virginia, are not immune to murder and mayhem.
Inquiring into the Northwoods Country Schools (PDF)
Robert W. Frenz, 23-37
Twentieth Century Visual Education: Early American Schools and the Stereograph (PDF)
Veronica I. Ent, 53-71
Around 1900, a new technological era began with the introduction of Visual Education, a teacher’s manual that explained how to use lantern-slides and stereographs for instructional purposes. This article explores the pedagogical foundations of stereo views in the classroom, methods for using stereographs, access and affordability of visual technologies, and the end of the early visual instruction movement in America.